10 Things You Need to Know About HIV/AIDS

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Today, being the 1st of December is International World AIDS day. It is important that you get this few enriching information about this pandemic disease.

Here are some pointers you didn’t know about HIV/AIDS:

 

  • Not Every Exposure Leads to Infection

 

Despite the fact that it is safe to avoid fluids like blood or contact that transmits the disease, not all exposures to such fluids can directly lead to the infection. After an exposure the virus takes time to spread through the body but can sometimes fail to travel through and the infection may not occur depending on a number of factors.

 

  • Correct Use of Condom

 

The use of condoms has been an effective remedy to prevention and control of HIV/AIDS for a while. Consistency and correct usage can lead to zero infection. However, incorrect use of condoms can lead to infections in cases of condom breakage, slippage, leakage and delayed use. So read the manual before use!

 

  • Victims Live to Near Normal Life Expectancy

 

When diagnosed at an early stage and liked to care and treatment, an infected person can live close to the normal life expectancy. Say in Kenya, one can live up to 55 years of age. A recent study shows that life expectancy of infected persons has increased due to availability of medication and technology.

 

  • Anal Fluids Contains High Concentration of the Virus

 

Anal sex can be a high risk activity for the transmission of HIV/AIDS virus. This is especially where there is absence of the effective prevention strategies like the use of condom or PrEP. The virus is not only in the blood but also in the rectal fluids and sometimes it is present in higher levels that those in the blood.

 

  • Late Testing Can Be Lethal

 

It is always paramount to do testing at the VCT from time to time. Early detection may lead an HIV-positive individual to live a longer and healthier life. Late detection can be lethal because serious immune deficiency may lead to diseases that result to deaths.

 

  • PrEp Is Real

 

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an anti-HIV medication that is used by HIV-negative individuals before an exposure or immediately afterwards. Many have treated this form of prevention with caution and skeptism but it has been proven to be working and very effective.

 

  • Symptoms Are Often Missed

 

Studies shows that most of the symptoms are more oftenly similar to those of flu or a cold. This may include fever, sour throat and inflammation of the lymph nodes therefore causing it to be overlooked.

 

  • There Are Two Strains of HIV

 

There is HIV 1 and HIV 2. The HIV 1 is the most widespread type worldwide while HIV 2 is common in parts of west Africa. They both have been found in small African monkeys and Chimpanzees.

 

  • You Cannot Getting by Ingesting

 

Ingesting in infected material does not guarantee infection. Even when it is blood, one cannot get it. This is because the virus cannot survive outside its host for a long time.

 

  • Half of Infected People in The US Are African-Americans

 

African-Americans make a small percentage of the US population, but data reveals that the black Americans makes up a large percentage among the infected population.

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