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What are the Signs of Myeloid leukaemia?


This week has been filled with darkness as news of Safaricom CEO has passed away.

The Late Bob Collymore, Safaricom CEO

The disease that took away the vibrant 61 year old man is Acute myeloid leukaemia. So what exactly are the symptoms of the disease and is there any coming back from it?

Symptoms of Myeloid leukemia

  • Fever or chills.
  • Persistent fatigue, weakness.
  • Frequent or severe infections.
  • Losing weight without trying.
  • Swollen lymph nodes, enlarged liver or spleen.
  • Easy bleeding or bruising.
  • Recurrent nosebleeds.
  • Tiny red spots in your skin (petechiae)

People with AML often have several non-specific (general) symptoms. These can include:

  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Loss of appetite

If the leukemia cells have the CD34 protein and/or the P-glycoprotein (MDR1 gene product) on their surface, it is linked to a worse outlook.

Generally, people over 60 don’t do as well as younger people. Some of this may be because they are more likely to have unfavorable chromosome abnormalities. They sometimes also have other medical conditions that can make it harder for them to handle more intense chemotherapy regimens.

Treatment of AML

The main treatment for most types of AML is chemotherapy, sometimes along with a targeted therapy drug. This might be followed by a stem cell transplant. Other drugs (besides standard chemotherapy drugs) may be used to treat people with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).

Surgery and radiation therapy are not major treatments for AML, but they may be used in special circumstances.

  • hematologist: a doctor who treats disorders of the blood
  • medical oncologist: a doctor who treats cancer with medicines

You might have many other specialists on your treatment team as well, including physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, nutrition specialists, social workers, and other health professionals.

This article is not to cause any fear but to encourage all to be aware of their body and seek treatment as soon as symptoms persist.

May Bob Collymore Rest in Peace.

Courtesy of https://www.cancer.org.